Git is a distributed version control system commonly used for tracking changes in source code during software development. It allows multiple developers to work on a project simultaneously, keeping track of changes made to files over time, and enables collaboration and efficient management of code repositories. Here are some of the most useful Git commands: 1. `git init`: Initializes a new Git repository in the current directory. 2. `git clone `: Creates a copy of a remote repository on your local machine. 3. `git add `: Adds a file to the staging area, preparing it for a commit. 4. `git commit -m ""`: Records changes to the repository, creating a new commit with a descriptive message. 5. `git status`: Displays the current state of the repository, including modified, staged, and untracked files. 6. `git pull`: Fetches and merges changes from a remote repository into the current branch. 7. `git push`: Pushes commits from a local branch to a remote repository. 8. `git branch`: Lists existing branches in the repository. 9. `git checkout `: Switches to a different branch. 10. `git merge `: Merges changes from one branch into the current branch. 11. `git log`: Shows a history of commits, including commit messages and other details. 12. `git diff`: Displays the differences between the current state and the last commit. These are just a few of the many commands available in Git. Git provides a powerful set of tools for managing version control, branching, merging, and collaboration in software development projects.